Ciudad y gestión de la diversidad/ City and diversity mangement

Se recogen a continuación varios casos de actuaciones para favorecer la integración de la diversidad en la ciudad. Uno de ellos ,el de Atenas es un ejemplo de todo lo contrario. Pero aparece aquí como ejemplo de lo que la barbarie puede procar en una ciudad.

Here below are set out a number of examples of actions to promote the integration of diversity in the city. One of them, in Athens,  is an example of the opposite. But it appears here as an example of the damage that  barbarism can cause in a city.

 

Coca de la Piñera. Un caso de intervención en un espacio público que ha favorecido un uso diverso

 Sucedido en la Barriada Coca de la Piñera, en el municipio de Camas, muy cerca de Sevilla capital. Se trata de un barrio construido en los años sesenta del pasado siglo como alojamiento de clase trabajadora. Con un tipología de viviendas unifamiliares pareadas. Con poco espacio público. Hoy en día, por razones demográficas y sociales, se ha ido renovando con capas medias.

 En el barrio existe un pequeña plaza que era usada mayoritariamente por gente de fuera con un uso muy especial. Era el punto de reunión de consumidores de marihuana, hachis y drogas similares. Se trataba de gente con buen nivel de ingresos, vinculados al sector de la construcción. Gente, a juzgar por sus vehículos de marcas caras,  que había hecho dinero rápido con el boom del sector. Estas personas, convirtieron la plaza en su lugar de encuentro, ocupándola desde primeras horas de la tarde hasta altas horas de la madrugada. Allí practicaban sus aficiones y mantenían conversaciones y debates hasta la madrugada, con cierto enfado del vecindario. Además como resultado diario de su ocupación la plaza amanecía con basura abundante y variada: botellas vacías, restos de comida y sus envoltorios…

 El  Ayuntamiento de Camas tomó la decisión de intervenir para adaptar la plaza físicamente a otros usos demandados por el vecindario. Lo que se hizo básicamente fue  dotarla de juegos infantiles. A partir de ese momento se produjo una renovación de los usuarios. Empezaron a aparecer padres y madres con sus niños, para que éstos jugaran en la plaza, para charlar los padres… La ocupación se producía desde primeras horas de la tarde hasta la noche. Los usuarios anteriores no bien comprendieron que sus usos no eran compatibles con los que ahora se practicaban, decidieron abandonar el sitio y trasladarse a otro lugar. La plaza parece que ha sido ganada para los vecinos del barrio. Especialmente para las personas con niños pequeños, que son un sector cuyas necesidades deben  considerarse en la planificación.

Historia transmitida por un vecino (sin niños) del barrio.

Sevilla 16/XI/2010

English version

Coca de la Piñera: A case of intervention in a public space that has led to a different use.

This  happened in “Coca de la Piñera”, a quarter in the town of Camas, near Seville. This is a neighborhood built in the sixties of last century, as a working-class housing. There were built a type of paired houses. But all with little public space. Today, for demographic and social reasons, has been renewed with the middle class.

In the neighborhood there is a small square that was occupied mostly by people from outside, with a special use. It was the rendezvous for smoking marijuana, hashish and similar drugs. These users were people with good income, related to construction sector. They were people, judging by their branded vehicles, who had made fast money with the boom in the sector. For them, the square became a meeting place, occupying from early afternoon until the early next morning. They practiced their hobbies and held discussions and debates until dawn, with nuisance for the neighbors. Also as a result of their daily occupation, the square dawn with abundant and varied litter, like empty bottles, food scraps and wrappings, cigarette butts…

Camas City Council took the decision to intervene physically in order to adapt the space to other uses demanded by the neighborhood. They did basically a playground for the children, after repairing the square. From that moment there was a renewal of users. It began to appear parents with their children and these played in the square, while parents were chatting … The occupation occurred from early afternoon until evening. Previous users not well understood that their applications were not compatible with those now practiced, decided to leave the site and move elsewhere. The square seems to have been gained for the neighbors. Especially for people with young children, who are a sector whose needs must be considered in planning.

Story transmitted by a neighbor (without children)

Seville 16/XI/2010

 

La sinrazón de la xenofobia en la ciudad.

 La prensa lo contaba hace unos días. Una plaza del centro de Atenas se había convertido en un sitio de encuentro de miles de inmigrantes extranjeros. La mayoría kurdos. Allí quedaban para pasar un rato juntos, charlar de sus cosas, que los niños jugaran, comer algo…actividades inocentes, pacíficas,  sin mayor trascendencia que compartir momentos de esparcimiento. Siempre bajo la atenta mirada de la policía, que no intervenía.

 Pero un grupo de energúmenos salvadores de la patria ( los hay en todas partes) decidieron que aquello era intolerable. No se podía consentir que los extranjeros hubieran tomado un espacio tan central. Había que recuperar la plaza, había que “helenizarla”. Desembarcaron en ella provistos de sus atributos nacionalistas, de inteligencia superior, como  palos, bates de béisbol, pistolas…Sin mediar palabra, la emprendieron a golpes con los inmigrantes que indefensos, huyeron despavoridos ante el ataque. La policía contemplaba la heroicidad sin intervenir. Los energúmenos consiguieron su objetivo de helenizar la plaza puesto que  los inmigrantes no volvieron a ella más.

 Pero el problema es que los griegos tampoco la ocuparon. No tenía ganas de líos con nadie. Tal vez pensaran que aún siendo griegos tal vez no lo fueran lo suficiente para los “helenizadotes” y éstos la emprendieran a mamporros también con ellos. Nunca se sabe…es mejor no dar oportunidades, no hay que correr riesgos, “yo allí no voy”.

 El resultado de la sinrazón: la plaza sólo está ocupada por la policía, será por si tiene que intervenir… Los nacionales y los extranjeros la evitan. Lo que era un espacio rebosante de vida se ha convertido en un lugar maldito.

  14/XI/2010

English versio

The irrationality of xenophobia in the city

 This was told by the Press a few days ago. A square in central Athens had become a meeting place for thousands of foreign immigrants. Most of them are Kurds. They were there to spend their time together, talking of their issues, with their children who played under the sight of their parents, some ate… They made innocent activities, peaceful without other significance that sharing leisure. Always under the watchful eye of police, who did not intervene.

But a group of fanatic’s saviours of the country (there are everywhere) decided that this situation was intolerable. They could not accept that some foreigners had using an area so central. They had to make up the square, had to be “Hellenized” again. They landed in the square, armed with national attributes, samples of their superior intelligence, such as sticks, baseball bats, guns … Without saying a word, began to beat defenceless immigrants, who fled in terror to this unpredictable attack. The police watched the heroic scene without intervening. Finally, the fanatics got their goal, for square was “Hellenized”. Immigrants not stepped over.

But there was an unforeseen problem for the saviours of the country. The Greeks were not interested in occupying the square. They had not desire of having trouble with anyone. Perhaps they thought that even being Greeks might not be enough for “helenizators” and also were beaten by them. It’s better not to give opportunities. It’s preferable not to take risks. I have no intention of going there.

The result of irrationality in the city: the square is occupied only by the police…if they have to intervene… Now, foreigners or nationals avoid the square. What was a space full of life has become a damned place…

November 14, 2010.

New York: Engaging newcomers in city parks

Ricardo Gambetta, Manager of Immigrant Integration Programs at the National League of Cities, shared this green project with us, a “Good Idea We Are Watching:”

Park officials, city planners and immigrant advocates are exploring opportunities to increase usage of city parks among local immigrant communities and seeking ways to incorporate these new residents into the traditional public parks system. This is especially critical given that minority and immigrant children experience high rates of obesity. The opportunity for physical activity provided by city parks can help to increase fitness and reduce obesity among immigrants.

Public parks are one of the most important assets in cities, and parks facilities should be available to all residents. One of the challenges faced by new immigrants is the lack of awareness regarding city services, which might explain their limited use of city parks and facilities in some cities.

In addition to providing health benefits and recreational activities, experts agree that city parks play an important role in the immigrant integration process. The key question is: how should city parks adapt to the recent demographic changes in their communities?

For the last few years several cities have been trying to answer that important question. For example, a 1993 study focuses on Boulder, Colo. The City of Chicago and the University of Chicago published a similar report in 1987, and the City of Indianapolis Parks Department published another study on the same topic in 2004. Most of these studies and reports show that immigrant populations represent a traditionally underserved group in the public parks system.

The New York City Parks Department recently published a report on this topic, entitled “Parks for All New Yorkers: Immigrants, Culture, and NYC Parks.” The study was the result of a public and private partnership of several organizations and was funded by New Yorkers for Parks.

The report states that ethnic and cultural background has a decisive influence over an individual’s preferences regarding recreation. Changes in demographics bring changes in the popularity of different sports.

According to the report, parks are tools for immigrant communities and serve as gathering places for social activities and interaction with other groups and communities. While newcomers use and enjoy park facilities, they encounter some language barriers that limit this use.

Another finding is that it is important for parks officials to consider their diverse international population during the planning, development and implementation of potential parks programs. Finally, the New York report mentions the financial limitations faced by the parks department and the challenges regarding potential funding for some of the recommendations and proposals suggested in the study.

Recommendations to local parks and recreation departments from this study include: recognize the importance of outreach to local immigrant organizations; train parks staff in the areas of managing diversity and cultural competence; encourage the translation of important safety information; review food concessions to include a more diverse pool of vendors; and develop internal and external immigrant friendly parks policies.

“Parks for All New Yorkers: Immigrants, Culture, and NYC Parks” can be downloaded from the New Yorkers for Parks website.

 From Cities of Migration.

 http://citiesofmigration.ca/

November 16, 2010

Anuncios

Responder

Introduce tus datos o haz clic en un icono para iniciar sesión:

Logo de WordPress.com

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de WordPress.com. Cerrar sesión /  Cambiar )

Google+ photo

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Google+. Cerrar sesión /  Cambiar )

Imagen de Twitter

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Twitter. Cerrar sesión /  Cambiar )

Foto de Facebook

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Facebook. Cerrar sesión /  Cambiar )

w

Conectando a %s

A %d blogueros les gusta esto: